Catherine Lena Kelly is a PhD candidate at Harvard University. She is writing a dissertation on political party creation, strategy, and durability in Africa, and has done 15 months of research in Senegal. Catherine writes a blog on West African politics at

Did the June 23 Movement Change Senegal?


During the Arab Spring, the key to toppling oppressive regimes was mass mobilization against leaders like Ben Ali and Mubarak, whose families controlled state resources and institutions. Mass mobilization has rarely functioned this way in sub-Saharan Africa.  Although West Africa has experienced two regime changes in the last three months—in Mali and Guinea-Bissau—both were fostered […]