Admire Mare is an African Peacebuilding Network 2013 grant recipient. He has submitted his PhD thesis titled “Youth, Facebook, and Political Action: A Comparative Study of South Africa and Zimbabwe in 2015.” Admire has published over a dozen journal articles and book chapters, and is the recipient of several other grants awarded by OSISA (South Africa), CODESRIA (Senegal), and OSSREA (Ethiopia). His research interests include war and peace journalism, media and social movements, social media and political action, self-representation of social movements on social media, emerging newspaper business models in the global south, citizen journalism, media and democracy, and mobile media and social change. He can be reached at

Essays | September 30, 2015

Mediating Electoral Violence in a Polarized Society: The Case of Zimbabwe

“Although the media…are expected to observe, investigate, and subsequently report news as objectively as possible, these institutions are powerful political and cultural actors, influenced by political and economic forces to take subjective positions. In a polarized environment such as Zimbabwe, they are not neutral arbiters of electoral information and images. Rather, the media carry the most basic characteristics of the journalism of war and violence: their reporting is propaganda oriented, elite oriented, and victory oriented.”

Photo credit to DoC via Flickr user GovernmentZA. Taken on February 17, 2015. CC BY-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo:
Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe.