Mediation & Reconciliation

These Kujenga Amani essays provide insight into the various methods of reconciliation and mediation techniques that are applied to conflict and post-conflict situations across Africa, while addressing the challenges and visions for peace and the prospect for peacebuilding.

Mediation & Reconciliation | September 3, 2014

The Central African Republic Crisis: Neighboring Countries and the Prospects for Peace

“Ultimately […] the future of peace in the CAR lies in the hands of the leaders and people of the country. The real challenge will be to develop the political will to rise above the current divisions and address the structural roots of the conflict ravaging the country head on.”

Photo credit to Flickr user hdptcar. Picture taken by Pierre Holtz | UNICEF on June 13, 2007. No changes were made. This photo is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/hdptcar/819234356/
A child in the Central African Republic.
Mediation & Reconciliation | April 7, 2014

Post-Amnesty Reintegration and Peacebuilding Challenges in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region: The Way Forward

“Policies that are implemented for reintegration, if they are to be truly successful, must be linked to the security and human development of oil-based communities, which have suffered untold hardships and borne the major burdens of exploration, exploitation, and violence. Effectively and efficiently rehabilitating all ex-militants and fulfilling their specific needs without turning them into a privileged group within their communities remains a considerable challenge.”

Book Salesman on bridge in Oloibiri., Baylesa State, Nigeria.
Book Salesman on bridge in Oloibiri., Baylesa State, Nigeria.
Mediation & Reconciliation | November 12, 2013

Mapping Reconciliation Processes in Africa: A Project Set to Fail or A Possible Gateway to Further Research?

Reconciliation has become an important term in the national discourse, particularly within Africa. Yet what reconciliation actually refers to, how it should be implemented, and how to assess its level of effectiveness remains a challenge for many States. This piece explores the creation of a database to map reconciliation processes across the African continent, questioning whether such a project would be destined to fail, or a gateway to further research.

Photo credit to Flickr user unamid. Photo taken on August 21, 2012 by Albert González Farran. This picture is licensed under CC BY 2.0 (new version CC BY 4.0). No changes were made. Original photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/unamid-photo/7836994082/
Reconciliation efforts between tribes in Mellit. Photo credit to Albert González Farran of UNAMID via Flikr Creative Commons
Mediation & Reconciliation | November 5, 2013

Mediating in Madagascar: Bypassing the AU Ban on Coup Legitimization

A great political problem on the African continent is the scourge of coups have taken place over the past half century, one being in Madagascar in 2009. To combat these coups, the African Union has put in place a firm policy commitment to reject coups and other unconstitutional changes of government. While at first glance, the AU’s ban on coup legitimization is a decisive rejection of the military overthrow of governments and, thus, a compelling deterrent to future coups, it becomes clear upon further investigation that the ban itself is incompatible with mediation, which the AU invariably undertakes to restore constitutional order.

Photo credit to Flickr user ratozamanana. Photo taken on January 24, 2009 by Ratozamanana Andriankoto. This picture is licensed under CC BY 2.0 (new version CC BY 4.0). No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ratozamanana/3223344244
Andry Rajoelina parades through the streets after taking office.
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