Essays

Essays present critical analysis and debate on a pressing issue in African peacebuilding.

Mediation & Reconciliation | February 1, 2016

The Crisis in Burundi: A Call to Regional Actors

“Given Burundi’s refusal to allow the AU’s peacekeeping force and the UN’s admitted lack of preparedness, what role can the East African Community play in diffusing the situation and ensuring long-term peace that benefits not only Burundi but also the entire region?”

Photo credit to Flickr user Troens Bevis. Taken on June 14, 2014. CC BY-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/troensbevis/14455722433/in/album-72157644748222820/
The EAC needs to apply pressure on Nkurunziza to accept inclusive dialogue and peace.
Research and Practice | January 11, 2016

Human Rights Abuses against the Bakassi People: Are Nigeria and Cameroon Liable?

“For the Nigeria–Cameroon border conflict, however—deemed settled between the contesting parties by the Greentree Agreement in 2006—the continuing violation by one or both parties of the rights of the people living in the disputed Bakassi Peninsula raises questions with regard to the functionality of the settlement and the processes that brought it about.”

Photo credit to EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie via Flickr user European Commission DG ECHO. Taken on Taken on December 7, 2014. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Image cropped to fit frame. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/69583224@N05/16002373266/
Photo credit to EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie via Flickr user European Commission DG ECHO.
Statebuilding & Security | December 7, 2015

How Is the Securitization of Africa Addressing Human Insecurity?

“The securitization of Africa has changed academic discourse in several ways by broadening the concept of “security” and its role in reshaping the relationship between the continent and global powers. And yet, in facilitating the process of securitization, African leaders avoid the real challenge of addressing the roots of human insecurity within their countries and regions.”

Photo credit to Flickr user US Army Africa. Taken on October 21, 2009. CC BY 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/usarmyafrica/4071975526/
Troops from East Africa taking part in exercise co-led by US Army Africa and the Ugandan Peoples Defence Force.
Statebuilding & Security | November 4, 2015

The South Sudan Peace Deal and Prospects for Peacebuilding

“Post-conflict peacebuilding and reconstruction present a complex challenge to any nascent state emerging from war. In South Sudan, negotiated tradeoffs among political elites were inevitable. Although the war has had a devastating impact, the IGAD peace agreement offers a renewal and a platform for rebuilding the state.”

Photo credit to Tim Freccia / Enough Project via Flickr user ENOUGH Project. Taken on July 9, 2011. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Image cropped to fit screen. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/enoughproject/5922319674/
A young South Sudanese man wears the country's flag as a hat on Independence Day in Juba.
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