Essays present critical analysis and debate on a pressing issue in African peacebuilding.

Essays | September 22, 2014

Article 46A Bis: A Step Backward in Ending Impunity in Africa

“If this retrogressive provision comes into force, the survivors and victims of atrocities will have no option but to seek justice and reparation from elsewhere—in this case, the ICC, which still has jurisdiction to try perpetrators of mass atrocities, regardless of official position—thereby defeating the principle of ‘African solutions to African problems.’ ”

Photo credit to Flickr user Ben Sutherland. Taken on February 15, 2013 in Cape Town, South Africa. No changes were made. This picture is licensed under CC BY 2.0. Original photo:
Graffiti in Cape Town, South Africa.
Mediation & Reconciliation | September 3, 2014

The Central African Republic Crisis: Neighboring Countries and the Prospects for Peace

“Ultimately […] the future of peace in the CAR lies in the hands of the leaders and people of the country. The real challenge will be to develop the political will to rise above the current divisions and address the structural roots of the conflict ravaging the country head on.”

Photo credit to Flickr user hdptcar. Picture taken by Pierre Holtz | UNICEF on June 13, 2007. No changes were made. This photo is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0. Original photo:
A child in the Central African Republic.
Research and Practice | August 22, 2014

Kenya’s Long-Term Security Should Be a “Discursive Project”

“Terrorism is a constructed ideology. For it to be defeated in Kenya and elsewhere, we need to construct a counter-ideology through an equally discursive process…Yet creating an effective counter-ideology, like the ‘We Are One’ campaign, requires a reconstruction of identity and an answer to the question, Who is really a Kenyan, and who is not?”

Photo from Flickr user Albany Associates. Photo credit to AU-UN IST PHOTO / TOBIN JONES. Taken on November 30, 2012. This photo is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo:
Members of the business community in Kismayo attend a meeting with foreign journalists.
Essays | August 4, 2014

Democracy versus Stability: Political Reconciliation and the Government of National Unity in Zanzibar

“Race, political economy, social classes, the struggle for democracy, the question of unity, and proximate factors such as leadership have all been cited by scholars as causes of political instability in Zanzibar. To understand political reconciliation in the region, however, one needs to approach the problem from the perspective of actors, interests, and strategies for peace.”

Use this one
A group of men walking along the beach in Zanzibar.
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