Essays

Essays present critical analysis and debate on a pressing issue in African peacebuilding.

Special Issue: Ghana's 2012 Elections | August 15, 2013

Ghana’s Elections 2012: Some Observations

The 2012 Presidential and Parliamentary elections took place in an entirely different context than those before them. This paper explores new initiatives undertaken by the Electoral Commission (EC) of Ghana and how they enhanced the credibility of the electoral process.

Photo credit to Flickr user The Commonwealth. Credit to Copyright. Julius Mucunguzi/Commonwealth Secretariat. Taken December 7, 2012. This picture is licensed CC BY NC-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original url: https://www.flickr.com/photos/comsec/8473057811.
Biometric Voter Registration Machine used in Ghana's 2012 elections.
Special Issue: Ghana's 2012 Elections | July 18, 2013

The 2012 Ghanaian Election: Implications for the Consolidation of Democracy

This essay focuses on an issue related to the Ghanaian party system and the consolidation of democracy: the transition of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) from a personalistic party under the stranglehold of former president Jerry John Rawlings to a formal, autonomous party, bringing greater stability to the two-party system in Ghana.

Photo credit to Flickr user BBC World Service. This picture was taken on December 8, 2008. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bbcworldservice/3091867645/in/photostream/.
A representative from the electoral commission supervises a Ghanaian voter.
Special Issue: Ghana's 2012 Elections | July 11, 2013

The Role of the Security Sector in Ghana’s Democracy: A Case Study of the December 2012 Elections

While many attribute the generally peaceful nature of elections to the efficiency of the Ghanaian Electoral Commission (EC), it is important to emphasize that other state institutions, such as the security forces, have played significant roles in ensuring the consolidation of democracy in the country. This paper provides some insights into the specific roles played by the security forces during the December 2012 elections in Ghana.

Photo credit to Flickr user US Army Africa and Sgt. Tyler Sletten. Taken June 26, 2013 by Sgt. Tyler Sletten. This picture is licensed CC Generic 2.0. No changes were made. Original image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/usarmyafrica/9150080806/.
A Ghana Armed Forces military police sergeant.
Peacebuilding in Congo | June 17, 2013

Recurrent Crisis in the Eastern DRC: Petty Imperialism and Reconceptualizing the Peace Process

The eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the richest regions in the country, with diverse mineral deposits and vast arable lands. Even more than the rest of the country, however, this region has been ravaged by widespread war, sexual brutality against girls and women, theft of natural resources, and ongoing […]

Photo credit to Flickr user Oxfam. Photo taken November 2012 by Kate Holt. This picture is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/8264390468/in/photolist-dAiamQ-dNGCy4-j4vkaj-oyfoXo-nZCYJY-gK4vrW-gK4Ae2-j4vVAd-cMeV2G-e3nDnN-dMAuuS-dNGEmD-hy81Cx-eM7rrn-jQZ9c8-5CvNsQ-5Crvha-5CvNuU-5Crvw4-5CvNC9-5CvNcL-ar81yR-gK5thx-yZ4CS-7obAuF-7RDMMJ-U7F3V-dhZ215-j4u18S-j4rREp-j4tgW6-U7sJv-j4tZoq-j4vU57-j4u12Q-j4tdeg-j4vTaG-7ofumh-bA7XVW-zBo5U-dnKWH5-7ofuL1-9U4TBs-bA7XJm-ocz9KR-nTiEiK-o8KPxN-broSZY-eeKHjR-mhvB1c
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