Essays

Essays present critical analysis and debate on a pressing issue in African peacebuilding.

Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

Not Yet Uhuru: Is This the Making of Kenya’s First One-Term President?

In his 2017 New Year message, President Uhuru Kenyatta expressed confidence at being reelected. Indeed, polls showed him likely to win by over 50 percent if elections were called. But things have since changed, and President Kenyatta faces the possibility of being Kenya’s first one-term president. The latest polls released this week show a statistical […]

Uhuru Kenyatta Election Posters along a road in Nairobi, Kenya
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

The Land Question in Kenya’s 2017 General Election: A Historical Review

All major violent conflicts in Kenya have had a connection to land. Presently, villagers have vacated large swathes of land in Baringo North, Laikipia, and Elgeyo-Marakwet, as well as along the Meru-Isiolo border and Kitui-Tana River border, having fled from cattle rustlers. There are low-intensity conflicts and potential conflicts in scores of other areas: for […]

Woman in a field of maize in Kenya Isiolo, Merti (Biliko)
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

The Bankruptcy of Peace, and of the Constitution, in Kenya’s 2017 Elections

The 2010 Constitution of Kenya is transformative, to say the least. It is, however, bankrupt on peace; so is the country. The word “peace” appears a paltry four times in the constitution: first in the Preamble, second in Article 37 on the right to “peaceable” demonstrations, third in Article 238 (1) on threats to national […]

Peace March in Kibera with signs saying "Stop and Think Peace in Kibera" and "Peace" on a rainbow background with a peace sign.
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

The Ethnicity Factor and Risk of Conflict in the 2017 Kenyan Elections

Kenya has held elections every five years since it obtained independence in 1963. The August 8, 2017, elections will be the country’s sixth since the end of one-party rule in 1991, and the second since the introduction of a new constitution in 2010. The elections also mark a decade since the worst political violence ever […]

Woman speaking at a forum on Reducing Inter-ethnic Violence through Dialogue in Kenya with a wall of illustrations behind her.
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