Essays

Essays present critical analysis and debate on a pressing issue in African peacebuilding.

Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

The Bankruptcy of Peace, and of the Constitution, in Kenya’s 2017 Elections

The 2010 Constitution of Kenya is transformative, to say the least. It is, however, bankrupt on peace; so is the country. The word “peace” appears a paltry four times in the constitution: first in the Preamble, second in Article 37 on the right to “peaceable” demonstrations, third in Article 238 (1) on threats to national […]

Peace March in Kibera with signs saying "Stop and Think Peace in Kibera" and "Peace" on a rainbow background with a peace sign.
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

The Ethnicity Factor and Risk of Conflict in the 2017 Kenyan Elections

Kenya has held elections every five years since it obtained independence in 1963. The August 8, 2017, elections will be the country’s sixth since the end of one-party rule in 1991, and the second since the introduction of a new constitution in 2010. The elections also mark a decade since the worst political violence ever […]

Woman speaking at a forum on Reducing Inter-ethnic Violence through Dialogue in Kenya with a wall of illustrations behind her.
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

Party Doesn’t Matter: Ethnic Parties and Multiethnic Coalitions in Kenya

Since the historic merger of opposition parties ahead of the 2002 elections, political party formation and composition in Kenya has changed dramatically. In those elections, the National Alliance Rainbow Coalition (NARC)—the coalition of major opposition parties—was able to oust the Kenya African National Union (KANU) that had been in power for close to four decades. […]

Over a dozen voters queue at a polling station in Langata while an armed guard stands by.
Special Issue: Kenya's 2017 Presidential Elections | August 4, 2017

Special Issue: Kenya’s 2017 Presidential Elections

Kenyans go to the polls on August 8, 2017. President Uhuru Kenyatta of the ruling Jubilee Party is up against Raila Odinga, the veteran opposition leader from the National Super Alliance (NASA). While electoral contests involving incumbents are seen as routine processes with predictable outcomes in many African countries, the same cannot be said of […]

Raila Odinga and Uhuru Kenyatta in separate individual photographs
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