Peacebuilding in Congo

These Kujenga Amani essays provide insight on the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the challenges for peace, and prospects for peacebuilding in the country.

Peacebuilding in Congo | July 26, 2015

Redefining Peacekeeping: The Force Intervention Brigade in the Democratic Republic of Congo

“The coming together of the UN, AU, SADC, and ICGLR to conceptualize and operationalize the FIB demonstrates that hybridization in peacekeeping can work, especially if each intergovernmental organization is allowed to bring to the table its interoperable strengths. African countries provide the troops and equipment to form the brigade, while the UN provides the funding and logistical coordination. When peacekeeping operations are undertaken cooperatively, positive results are easier to achieve.”

Photo credit to MONUSCO/Sylvain Liechti via Flickr user MONUSCO Photos. Taken on July 17, 2013. CC BY-SA 2.0. Image cropped to fit screen. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/monusco/9314136394/
FIB South African infantry units listen to a briefing during training.
Peacebuilding in Congo | June 5, 2014

Post-M23 Euphoria and the Recurrent Peace Dividends in Eastern DRC

“The examples of M23 and ADF showcase the positive potential of decisive peace enforcement, but neither the unsatisfactory ‘peace agreement’ following the FARDC-FIB success against M23, nor the atomization of ADF into much less powerful but persistent micro-units, are long-term solutions …. [T]he quest for peace needs to be understood as a molecular process involving at least as much of a bottom-up as a top-down logic.”

Photo credit to Flickr user United Nations Photo. Photo taken March 14, 2014 by UN Photo/Sylvain Liechti. This picture is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/un_photo/13313977255/in/photostream/
A MONUSCO peacekeeper on patrol while a resident gathers wood in the eastern Congo region of Beni.
Peacebuilding in Congo | October 18, 2013

Why Peacebuilding in Eastern Congo Often Goes Wrong, and Why It Is So Hard to Get Right

Why is building peace in a context such as the Congolese conflicts so hard?  Despite many efforts, including the presence of the largest United Nations peacekeeping mission, international treaties, and peace talks, peacebuilding in eastern Congo has become a difficult task with a myriad of complexities. Havenith and Vogel seek to understand these challenges.

Photo credit to Flickr user noodlepie. Photo taken by Graham Holliday on May 9, 2012. This picture is licensed under CC BY 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/noodlepie/7166807794/
United Nations tent on DR Congo border with Rwanda | Photo Credit to Flickr user noodlepie
Peacebuilding in Congo | June 17, 2013

Recurrent Crisis in the Eastern DRC: Petty Imperialism and Reconceptualizing the Peace Process

The eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the richest regions in the country, with diverse mineral deposits and vast arable lands. Even more than the rest of the country, however, this region has been ravaged by widespread war, sexual brutality against girls and women, theft of natural resources, and ongoing […]

Photo credit to Flickr user Oxfam. Photo taken November 2012 by Kate Holt. This picture is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/8264390468/in/photolist-dAiamQ-dNGCy4-j4vkaj-oyfoXo-nZCYJY-gK4vrW-gK4Ae2-j4vVAd-cMeV2G-e3nDnN-dMAuuS-dNGEmD-hy81Cx-eM7rrn-jQZ9c8-5CvNsQ-5Crvha-5CvNuU-5Crvw4-5CvNC9-5CvNcL-ar81yR-gK5thx-yZ4CS-7obAuF-7RDMMJ-U7F3V-dhZ215-j4u18S-j4rREp-j4tgW6-U7sJv-j4tZoq-j4vU57-j4u12Q-j4tdeg-j4vTaG-7ofumh-bA7XVW-zBo5U-dnKWH5-7ofuL1-9U4TBs-bA7XJm-ocz9KR-nTiEiK-o8KPxN-broSZY-eeKHjR-mhvB1c
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