Statebuilding & Security
These Kujenga Amani essays highlight the various strategies of, and challenges facing statebuilding and peace in conflict-affected parts of Africa. They also represent a range of perspectives exploring the current efforts being made by African regional institutions, countries, and civil society to address these challenges at the local, national, and regional levels.
Statebuilding and Peacebuilding in Contexts of Identity-Related Conflicts: A Necessary Collaboration
“It is important to ask how peacebuilding can take place when the state is perceived as biased, partisan, unfair, and favoring some groups over others. How can peacebuilding reduce violence and at the same time address injustices and improve fragile relationships when the state is directly or indirectly responsible for increasing violence, perpetuating injustices among different identity groups, and contributing to the worsening of their relationships?”
A Beleaguered Political Marriage: The Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union and the Constitution Process in Tanzania
“The proposed three-tiered government structure will ease the historical tensions between Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar, and strengthen this iconic political union. The contentious issues between these two entities raised…can best be addressed by this government format which gives Zanzibar an identity, as well as Tanganyika, through a revised Union government. Having a constitution that captures and espouses the aspirations of a majority of Tanzanians is key for continued statebuilding.”
“The struggle for power between factions at the center depends on building and undermining state institutions simultaneously—a process international assistance has not been able to rein in. The international technical support for state building appears overwhelmed by the dynamics of state formation, which is inherently political and often violent. Meanwhile, peacebuilding interventions are increasingly overshadowed by the urgency to build the state.”
“If the Boko Haram insurgency is to be tackled effectively, a combination of well-thought-out development plans and security strategies is needed …. Bringing the State back into the lives of the people could make a significant difference in addressing youth unemployment and alienation and contribute toward institutionalizing new forms of democratic leadership, accountability, and social harmony.”