Statebuilding & Security

These Kujenga Amani essays highlight the various strategies of, and challenges facing statebuilding and peace in conflict-affected parts of Africa. They also represent a range of perspectives exploring the current efforts being made by African regional institutions, countries, and civil society to address these challenges at the local, national, and regional levels.

Statebuilding & Security | November 4, 2015

The South Sudan Peace Deal and Prospects for Peacebuilding

“Post-conflict peacebuilding and reconstruction present a complex challenge to any nascent state emerging from war. In South Sudan, negotiated tradeoffs among political elites were inevitable. Although the war has had a devastating impact, the IGAD peace agreement offers a renewal and a platform for rebuilding the state.”

Photo credit to Tim Freccia / Enough Project via Flickr user ENOUGH Project. Taken on July 9, 2011. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Image cropped to fit screen. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/enoughproject/5922319674/
A young South Sudanese man wears the country's flag as a hat on Independence Day in Juba.
Statebuilding & Security | February 14, 2015

Statebuilding and Peacebuilding in Contexts of Identity-Related Conflicts: A Necessary Collaboration

“It is important to ask how peacebuilding can take place when the state is perceived as biased, partisan, unfair, and favoring some groups over others. How can peacebuilding reduce violence and at the same time address injustices and improve fragile relationships when the state is directly or indirectly responsible for increasing violence, perpetuating injustices among different identity groups, and contributing to the worsening of their relationships?”

Photo credit to Flickr user CIAT. Taken on November 8, 2009. This picture is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0. No changes were made. Original photo https://www.flickr.com/photos/ciat/4108163065
A farmer walks through the hills.
Statebuilding & Security | May 20, 2014

A Beleaguered Political Marriage: The Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union and the Constitution Process in Tanzania

“The proposed three-tiered government structure will ease the historical tensions between Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar, and strengthen this iconic political union. The contentious issues between these two entities raised…can best be addressed by this government format which gives Zanzibar an identity, as well as Tanganyika, through a revised Union government. Having a constitution that captures and espouses the aspirations of a majority of Tanzanians is key for continued statebuilding.”

Photo credit to Flickr user whatchamakalit. Photo taken July 31, 2006. This picture is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ivarcarol/243907076.
Massai girls in Tanzania.
Statebuilding & Security | March 12, 2014

South Sudan and the Complications of Peacebuilding through Statebuilding

“The struggle for power between factions at the center depends on building and undermining state institutions simultaneously—a process international assistance has not been able to rein in. The international technical support for state building appears overwhelmed by the dynamics of state formation, which is inherently political and often violent. Meanwhile, peacebuilding interventions are increasingly overshadowed by the urgency to build the state.”

Returnee boy at the UNHCR waystation in Torit, Eastern Equatoria State, South Sudan
Returnee boy at the UNHCR waystation in Torit (Eastern Equatoria State, South Sudan).
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