“Two Rams Cannot Drink from the Same Bowl”: Supremacy Battles and Peacebuilding Challenges in Arogbo-Ijaw Area of Ondo State, Nigeria
“As the case of Nigeria shows the endogenous ways of managing local conflict and building peace are organically linked to the history, tradition, and culture of the African people…Indeed, a situation in which modern and endogenous methods complement, rather than displace or supplant each other, should be encouraged.”
“As political leaders scramble to capture every bit of power possible, it needs to be remembered that the impetus for change was collective anger …. For the Burkinabé people, this is a unique chance to experiment with inclusive politics that makes room for meaningful civil society input and, more importantly, an opportunity to dismantle a system of rule that enabled Compaoré to keep the country under tight control for twenty-seven years.”
“[A]s both national and international observers and policymakers focus on northeast Nigeria, they must not ignore signs of the possible recurrence of conflict in the Niger Delta region. Another full-scale insurgency in the Niger Delta could drive the Nigerian state closer to the cliff. The current threats are the same as those that led to the last phase of insurgency, and they serve as signposts indicating that, if effective action is not taken, insurgency will come again—it is just a matter of time.”
In this special issue, we asked several leading scholars and practitioners working in the field of international justice, human rights, and peace in Africa to respond to recent concerns about the embedding of Article 46A bis, which grants immunity to sitting heads of state and senior government officials, thereby precluding them from being tried by the African Court for serious crimes committed in violation of international law. Contributors were asked the following questions: Is Article 46A bis a blank check granting African leaders and senior government officials the right to act with impunity? Will leaders be able to get away in the future with serious war crimes and crimes against humanity? What are the prospects that Article 46A bis would be re-thought, further amended, or even dropped? And is there still space for African states and courts to engage with international justice institutions in the pursuit of justice in Africa?