Essays | March 21, 2016

Second Time Around: Why Did the African Union Say “No” to a Peace Intervention Force in Burundi?

“In February 2016, the African Union announced its decision not to send an intervention force into Burundi without the consent of the country’s government. What were its reasons for this decision?”

Photo credit to Flickr user Albany Associates | AU-UN IST PHOTO / TOBIN JONES. Taken on October 19, 2012. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/albanyassociates/8161449534/
In February 2016 the African Union decided against sending peacekeepers to crisis-hit Burundi.
Mediation & Reconciliation | February 1, 2016

The Crisis in Burundi: A Call to Regional Actors

“Given Burundi’s refusal to allow the AU’s peacekeeping force and the UN’s admitted lack of preparedness, what role can the East African Community play in diffusing the situation and ensuring long-term peace that benefits not only Burundi but also the entire region?”

Photo credit to Flickr user Troens Bevis. Taken on June 14, 2014. CC BY-ND 2.0. No changes were made. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/troensbevis/14455722433/in/album-72157644748222820/
The EAC needs to apply pressure on Nkurunziza to accept inclusive dialogue and peace.
Peacebuilding in Congo | July 26, 2015

Redefining Peacekeeping: The Force Intervention Brigade in the Democratic Republic of Congo

“The coming together of the UN, AU, SADC, and ICGLR to conceptualize and operationalize the FIB demonstrates that hybridization in peacekeeping can work, especially if each intergovernmental organization is allowed to bring to the table its interoperable strengths. African countries provide the troops and equipment to form the brigade, while the UN provides the funding and logistical coordination. When peacekeeping operations are undertaken cooperatively, positive results are easier to achieve.”

Photo credit to MONUSCO/Sylvain Liechti via Flickr user MONUSCO Photos. Taken on July 17, 2013. CC BY-SA 2.0. Image cropped to fit screen. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/monusco/9314136394/
FIB South African infantry units listen to a briefing during training.
Research and Practice | April 9, 2015

Are Female Peacekeepers Making a Difference, and If Not, Why Not?

“What is clear is that female peacekeepers suffer under a hypermasculine military culture because they are ‘othered’ on many levels that affect their performance. The literature suggests that where women do seem to have made a difference, they were deployed in all-female units and served in predominantly constabulary roles. Some criticize these units because they are gender segregated, but, ironically, they are the ones most often praised for their success.”

This picture was obtained via Flickr user UNAMID. Photo credit to Albert González Farran, UNAMID.  Taken on May 28, 2014. No changes were made. This photo is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Original photo: https://www.flickr.com/photos/unamid-photo/14126176588
A female UNAMID police officer interacts with children in Nyala, South Darfur.