Joshua Marks manages the Central and Southern Africa programs for the National Endowment for Democracy (Washington, DC). He has published articles or reports for the Council on Foreign Relations, African Security Review, Small Arms Survey, and Oxfam. The views expressed by Joshua Marks on this website do not necessarily reflect the views of NED.

For Next Steps in Congo, Listen to the Congolese


It’s difficult to make sense of the reactions of many Western governments and international actors to the disastrous elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) on November 28, 2011. Initial responses from the United States and the European Union were muted, and Belgium later congratulated President Joseph Kabila on his reelection. As the […]