Uzbek | February 12, 2013

Integrating Social Science Terminology into Language Study: Uzbek Module 2

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Discipline: Anthropology / Rural Life in Uzbekistan
Module: 2 – Poultry and Silk Industries
Prepared by: Madina Djuraeva

Introduction : Kirish

This module on the rural life in Uzbekistan is intended to help students improve their knowledge of agriculture and daily life in Uzbekistan. The reading and audio materials are drawn from the latest news reports, local print newspapers (including Qishloq Hayoti “Rural Life”), and Internet sites, accessed June‑July 2012. By using this material, students can learn the terminology for reading about and discussing important sectors in the agricultural economy, as well as important topics for rural and urban life in Uzbekistan. Module 2 discusses poultry production and silkworm breeding.

 

Reading Task 1
View Reading: http://www.uzbekistonovozi.uz

After completing the pre-reading exercises, read the article entitled “Natural and high quality products are increasing”.

 Pre-reading exercise 1: vocabulary focus

  • Serdaromad tarmoq – profitable sector
  • Go’sht – meat
  • Innovatsion yondoshish – innovative approach
  • Parvarish qilmoq – to cultivate
  • Vazifa – duty
  • Mutaxassis – specialist
  • Ichki bozor – internal market
  • Parhez – diet
  • Parrandachilik – poultry farming
  • Tuxum – egg
  • Fermer xo’jaligi – farm
  • Sifat – quality
  • Ko’zda tutilmoq – to plan
  • Mahalliy mahsulot – local products
  • BMT (Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkiloti) – United Nations

 

Pre-reading exercise 2: Predicting content

Read the first paragraph of the text below. What points do you think were covered in the meeting discussed in the reading?

«Poytaxt» biznes markazida O‘zbekiston Savdo – sanoat palatasi BMT Taraqqiyot dasturining «O‘zbekiston biznes forumi» loyihasi bilan hamkorlikda parrandachilikni rivojlantirish istiqbollariga bag‘ishlangan davra suhbati tashkil etdi. Unda tegishli vazirlik va tashkilot vakillari, tadbirkor va fermerlar ishtirok etdi.

Reading Text

Ekologik toza va sifatli mahsulotlar ko‘paymoqda 

uzbek1

«Poytaxt» biznes markazida O‘zbekiston Savdo – sanoat palatasi BMT Taraqqiyot dasturining «O‘zbekiston biznes forumi» loyihasi bilan hamkorlikda parrandachilikni rivojlantirish istiqbollariga bag‘ishlangan davra suhbati tashkil etdi. Unda tegishli vazirlik va tashkilot vakillari, tadbirkor va fermerlar ishtirok etdi.

O‘zbekiston Savdo – sanoat palatasi raisi Alisher ­Shayxov serdaromad tarmoqlar ichida parrandachilik alohida o‘rin tutishi, hozir u izchil rivojlanayotgani aholini sifatli, arzon par­hez go‘sht va tuxum mahsulotlari bilan ta’minlashga xizmat qilayotganini ta’kidladi. Bu sohada tadbirkorlikni kengaytirish orqali yangi ish o‘rinlari yaratilayotganini qayd etdi.

Davra suhbatida mutaxassislar parrandachilik rivojida innovatsion yondoshish, mavjud muammolarni bartaraf etish borasida amaliy takliflarni ilgari surdi.

Respublikamizda qirqdan ziyod parrandachilik fabrikasi va yirik fermer xo‘jaliklari faoliyat yuritmoqda. Ularning har birida ellik mingdan bir yarim milliontagacha parranda parvarish qilinmoqda. Bu — aholi dasturxoniga fayz – baraka kiritish bilan birga, iqtisodiyotimiz yuksalishiga xizmat qilmoqda.

Mavjud fabrika va ob’ekt­larni qayta modernizatsiya qilish, yangilarini qurish, ishlab chiqarish hajmini oshirish, mahsulot sifati va turlarini kengaytirish oldimizda turgan dolzarb vazifalardir.

O‘tgan yil yakuniga ko‘ra, mamlakatimizda 42,8 millionta parranda bo‘lib, 3,44 milliard dona tuxum, 55 ming tonna parranda go‘shti ishlab chiqarilgan. Bu yil esa parrandalar soni 48 millionga, tuxum 3,85 milliardga hamda parranda go‘shti 62000 tonnaga yetkazilishi ko‘zda tutilgan.

Soha mutaxassislarining fikricha, tizimda yuqori ishlab chiqarish sur’atlariga erishishning o‘zi yetarli emas. Ishlab chiqarish jarayonida parranda mahsulotlari xavf­sizligini ta’minlash, ekologik toza va yuqori sifatli mahsulot hajmini oshirish g‘oyatda muhim. Bu o‘z navbatida ichki bozorni mahalliy mahsulotlar bilan to‘ldirish va narx – navonining yanada arzonlashishiga olib keladi. Korxonalarni rekonstruksiya va modernizatsiya qilish borasida Xitoy, Germaniya, Ukraina va Rossiya kabi davlatlar mutaxassislari bilan hamkorlik qilinayotgani yetti xazinaning biri hisoblangan parrandachilikni tez sur’atlar bilan rivojlantirishga xizmat qilmoqda.

Toshtemir XUDOYQULOV

 

Post-reading exercise 1: Choose whether the statement is True (To’g’ri) or False (Noto’g’ri)

 

T

NT

1. Palata raisi Alisher Shayxov parrandachilikni kamdaromadli tarmoqlardan biri ekanligini ta’kidlab o’tdi.
2. Yozuvchi parrandachilik fabrikasining respublika bo’yicha 40ta ekanligini mamlakat iqtisodiyotining og’ir ahvolda bo’lishi bilan bog’laydi.
3. Mahsulot ishlab chiqarish hajmini oshirish oldida turgan dolzarb vazifalardan biri deb aytilgan.
4. Bu yil parranda go’shti o’tgan yilga qaraganda 7000 tonnaga oshishi ko’zda tutilmoqda.
5. Ichki bozorni mahalliy mahsulotlar bilan to’ldirish narxlarning ortib borishiga olib keladi.

 

Post-reading exercise 2: Matching vocabulary

Match the vocabulary in the column on the left with vocabulary in the column on the right based upon the reading:

 


Parhez
vazifa
Amaliy hajmi
Dolzarb taklif

 

Post-reading exercise 3: Fill in the blanks

Using the following vocabulary items, fill in the blanks in the paragraph below (using the correct verbal tense and number) based upon the reading:

Ishtirok etmoq
O’rin tutmoq
Qayd etmoq
Faoliyat yuritmoq
Parvarish qilmoq

Kelasi yili fermer xo’jaligini rivojlantirish borasidagi anjumanda respublika fermerlari va tadbirkorlari …………………. ……….. . Ularning ko’pchiligi parrandachilik sohasida ………………. ……………. . Anjuman Davlat poytaxti Toshkent shahrida ……………. …………… . Surxondaryo viloyati bosh fermeri shuni ……………. ………….. : “Kelasi yildagi anjumanda biz chet – el standardlariga binoan parrandalarni ………………….. …………. qoida va usullarini dasturning muhim bir tomonlaridan”, – deb hisoblayman.

Post-reading exercise 4: Answer the following questions

1. Amerika Qo’shma Shtatlarida ham parrandachilik muhim sohalardan biri deb hisoblanadimi?
2. Sizning mamlakatingizda organik va noorganik mahsulotlarni farqlashadimi? Parrandachilik mahsulotlari noorganik bo’lishi mumkinmi? Qanday qilib?

 

Lug’at : Glossary

A

Arzon – cheap

B

Bartaraf etmoq – to prevent

D

Dastur – program

F

Fayz – baraka – luck, welfare

H

Hamkorlik – companionship

I

Ilgari surmoq – put forward
Istiqbol – future perspective
Izchil – thoroughly
Ishlab chiqarish – production

K

Kengaytirish – broaden, multiply

L

Loyiha – draft, plan

M

Mavjud – exist, existing

N

Narx – navo – price

P

Parrandachilik – poultry farming

S

Serdaromad – highly beneficial/profitable
Sur’at – pace

 

T

Tadbirkor – businessman
Tarmoq – network
To’ldirmoq – to fill

X

Xazina – treasury
Xavfsizlik – safety
Xizmat qilmoq – to contribute

Y

Yetarli – enough
Yirik – huge, impressive

Z

Ziyod – more

O’

O’z navbatida – in its turn

 

Listening & Reading Task 2
Source:

Qishloq hayoti  (Summer 2012)

This task involves both a listening and a reading component. The two components present opposing views regarding opportunities provided for people who raise silkworms, an important sector in the agricultural economy of Uzbekistan.

After completing the pre-listening exercise, listen to the first 1:45 of the audio clip discussing the current year’s silkworm cocoon harvest. The complete the post-listening exercises.

After completing the listening task, go to the reading task, which is an article discussing the role of the silkworm cultivator and the price they receive for their harvest. Pay close attention to those points which represent opposing points of view in the listening clip versus the reading text.

Pre-listening exercise: vocabulary focus

Mahalla – neighborhood community
Joriy yil – current year
Ipak qurti – silkworm
Boqmoq – look after
Seryomg’ir chelaklab quymoq – to rain in buckets
Rasvosi chiqmoq – to spoil
Narx – price
Faol – active
Va’da bermoq – to promise
Tarozi boshi – per lb/kg
Murojaat qilmoq – to apply, appeal
Oddiy xalq – common people
Qul – slave
Quldorlik davri – era of slavery

 

Қаршилик пиллакорлар ҳаққини ололмаяпти

Watch video here.

Post-listening Exercise: 

1. Bu audioda nima haqida gapirldi?
2. Ikkita kishining ovozi bor, ular kim deb o’ylaysiz?
3. Audioni yana bir bor eshiting: pillachi ayolning dardi nimada?

 

Post-listening exercise 2: Choose whether the statement is True (To’g’ri) or False (Noto’g’ri)

T

NT

1. Salomat opa joriy yilda 40 gramm ipak qurti olib boqdi.
2. Seryomg’ir bahor pilla boqishni osonlashtirdi.
3. Azimovlar oilasi yarim oydan beri pulini ololmay sarson.
4. Salomat opa mahalla faollari bilan norozi.

Reading Task
Source: (Summer 2012)

Qishloq hayoti (Summer 2012)

 

Post-Reading Exercise:

1. Audio va maqola manbalari bir deb o’ylaysizmi? Ular qayerdan olingan deb o’ylaysiz?
2. Qaysi bir manba sizningcha haqiqiy xabarni yetkazib beryapti?
3. Amerikada ham shunga o’xshash bir biriga zid bo’lgan xabarlarga duch kelasizmi?

 

Lug’at : Glossary

A

Ariq yoqasi – side of the canal

B

Bayon etmoq – to tell, narrate
Boqmoq – to cultivate

D

E

F

Faol – active member

G

H

Harorat – temperature
Hosildorlik – harvest
Hisob raqami – account

I

Ilmiy tadqiqot – research
Ipak qurti – silkworm
Ishlov bermoq – to refine

J

Jihat – side
Jiddiy – serious
Joriy yil – current year

K

L

M

Murojaat qilmoq – to refer, to ask
Muvaffaqiyat – success

N

Narx – price, cost

O

Oddiy xalq – citizens, folks, middle class people
Olim – scientist, reseracher

P

Palla – pans on (old-fashioned) scales
Parvarishlanmoq – to be cultivated

Q

Qimmatli – valuable
Qul – slave
Quldorlik davri – period of slavery
Qo’llanma – manual

R

Rag’bat – perk, incentive
Rasvosi chiqmoq – to spoil

S

Samara – fruit of something
Sarflamoq – to waste, spend
Seryomg’ir – rainy

T

Takommilashmoq – to become perfected
Tarozi boshi – per lb/kg
Ta’minlamoq – to supply
Tut – mulberry

U

Urug’ – seed
Uskuna va jihozlar – equipment

V

Va’da bermoq – to promise

X

Y

Yondashuv – attitude

Z

Zabt etmoq – to succeed
Zarur – necessary

O’

O’tkazib bermoq – to transfer

G’

Sh

Shartnoma – contract
Sharoit – opportunity, condition

Ch

Chelaklab quymoq – to rain in buckets

 

 

KALITLAR : KEY

READING TASK 1

Post-reading exercise 1: Choose whether the statement is True (To’g’ri) or False (Noto’g’ri) 

1. NT

2. NT

3. T

4. T

5. NT

Post-reading exercise 2: Matching vocabulary

Parhez hajmi

Amaliy taklif

Dolzarb vazifa

Post-reading exercise 3: Fill in the blanks

ishtirok etadi

faoliyat yuritadi

o’rin tutadi

qayd etdi

parvarish qilish

 

LISTENING & READING TASK 2

Post-listening exercise 2: Choose whether the statement is True (To’g’ri) or False (Noto’g’ri)

 

1. T

2. NT

3. T

4. T